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an owl perched on a tree branch in the Honey Island Swamp

Nestled beyond the bustling city of New Orleans lies a haven for bird enthusiasts – the Honey Island Swamp. Known for its accessibility and rich birding opportunities, this bottomland swamp is a treasure trove of avian wonders. Join us on a virtual journey through the swamp’s winding paths and discover the diverse and captivating bird species that call this area home.

Getting There: A Scenic Route from New Orleans

To embark on this birdwatching adventure, start your journey from New Orleans and head east on I-10, passing through Slidell. Keep an eye out for the crucial interchange where I-10 diverges toward the Mississippi Gulf Coast, and I-59 begins its northward journey to Picayune and Hattiesburg in Mississippi. Take the I-59 north, cruising past the town exits of Pearl River.

After crossing the West Pearl River, prepare to take the “Honey Island Swamp” exit (Exit 5-B). Once off the interstate, turn left at the T-junction, guiding your way along the narrow paved road (Old Hwy. 11) into the Pearl River Wildlife Management Area. As you traverse the 2.5-mile road, immerse yourself in the serene beauty that surrounds you, a precursor to the avian wonders awaiting discovery.

Birding Highlights: A Symphony of Feathered Residents

The avian inhabitants of the Honey Island Swamp paint a vivid picture of the region’s biodiversity. Southern bottomland swamp habitat welcomes you with the melodies of Red-shouldered Hawks, Mississippi Kites, and the distinctive call of the Pileated Woodpecker. As you venture further, the landscape introduces Yellow-billed Cuckoos, Barred Owls, and the rhythmic tunes of Acadian Flycatchers.

The journey continues with encounters with Great Crested Flycatchers, Wood Thrushes, Vireos in both white-eyed and red-eyed variations, and the vibrant hues of Prothonotary Warblers and Hooded Warblers. The air resonates with the sweet melodies of Northern Parulas, American Redstarts, and the elusive Swainson’s Warbler, its song a secret code known to a select few.

As you explore Old Hwy. 11, each bridge becomes a vantage point for spotting Swallow-tailed Kites, Wood Ducks, Barred Owls, and the vibrant hues of Prothonotary Warblers. The journey may reveal alligators basking in the sun, and if you’re lucky, a playful display by River Otters in the nearby sloughs or ditches.

Extended Exploration: Gravel Roads and Nature Trails

Venture into the lesser-known paths, such as the “Oil Well Road,” boasting a nature trail that unveils the beauty of bottomland forests and a small cypress-tupelo swamp. The trail, a half-mile walk through nature’s wonders, beckons birdwatchers with the promise of Swainson’s Warblers and the occasional sighting of Wild Turkeys.

For those seeking a secluded birding experience, “Oil Well Road” is a gem, closed to vehicular traffic for part of the year. Meanwhile, “Indian Bayou Road” and “Poboy Road” to the south and north, respectively, offer additional avenues for exploration, promising sightings of Swainson’s Warblers and other avian delights.

Beyond the Swamp: Nearby Birding Delights

Extend your birding expedition to nearby areas like the Bogue Chitto National Wildlife Refuge. Located just 6 miles north of the Honey Island exit on I-59, this refuge provides a habitat for Painted and Indigo Buntings, Orchard Orioles, and the melodious Yellow-breasted Chats. The open skies offer opportunities to spot kites in flight.

Discover the James A. Schmidt Boardwalk and Trail, accessible from the “Pearl River Turnaround” exit 11. This trail winds through cypress swamps and bottomland hardwood forests, offering glimpses of Prothonotary Warblers, Northern Parulas, Yellow-throated Warblers, and a symphony of birdlife.

For the adventurous souls, the “Honey Island Swamp Road” provides an extended journey through bottomlands, cypress swamps, and pinewoods. Keep an eye out for the Holmes Bayou trailhead, approximately 4 miles from the interstate exit. The Holmes Bayou Trail, a 1-mile escapade, leads to the picturesque bayou, providing a serene setting for birdwatchers.

A Birdwatcher’s Paradise Unveiled

The Honey Island Swamp and its surrounding areas are more than just geographical locations; they are sanctuaries for birds and bird enthusiasts alike. Whether you’re a seasoned birder or a nature lover looking for a unique escape, the Honey Island Swamp promises a symphony of avian wonders that will leave you enchanted.

As you navigate the narrow roads, traverse gravel trails, and bask in the beauty of this natural habitat, remember to cherish the delicate balance between the diverse bird species and the lush environment they call home.

Quoting the insights of the Orleans Audubon Society, this journey into the heart of birding excellence invites you to experience the magic of the Honey Island Swamp. For more detailed maps and information on the Pearl River Wildlife Management Area, you can explore the Orleans Audubon Society’s guide at